Russian KGB

This article is about the USSR KGB. For the Belarussian intelligence service, see State Security Agency of the Republic of Belarus. For other uses, see KGB (disambiguation).
Committee for State Security
Комитет государственной безопасности
Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti
The KGB Sword-and-Shield emblem.
The KGB Sword-and-Shield emblem.
Agency overview
Formed 1954
Preceding agency MGB – Ministry for State Security
Dissolved 1995 (disputed)
Jurisdiction Council of Ministers of the USSR
Headquarters Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
[show location on an interactive map] 55°45′31.2″N 37°37′32.16″E / 55.758667°N 37.6256°E / 55.758667; 37.6256

The KGB (КГБ, Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti) was the national security agency of the USSR. From 1954 until 1991, the Committee for State Security was the Communist state’s premier secret police, internal security, and espionage organisation, whose coat of arms — the Shield and the Sword — illustrate a national military hierarchy. The Russian pronunciation of KGB is (Russian: ru-KGB.ogg Комитет государственной безопасности​ (help·info);

The contemporary State Security Agency of the Republic of Belarus uses the Russian name KGB. Linguistically, among the Western press, KGB denotes “secret service” in referring to the FSB.[1] Most information remains classified, yet two on-line documentary sources are available.[2][3]

* * 1 Origins
* 2 Modus operandi
* 3 History
* 4 International activity during the Cold War
* 5 KGB in the Soviet Bloc
* 6 Suppressing ideological subversion
* 7 Notable operations
* 8 Organisation of the KGB
o 8.1 Senior staff
o 8.2 The Directorates
o 8.3 Other units
* 9 The KGB’s evolution
* 10 See also
* 11 References
* 12 Sources
* 13 Additional readings
* 14 External links

[edit] Origins

The KGB originated as the Cheka (Chrezvychainaya Komissiya po Borbe s Kontr-revolutisnei i Sabotazzhem – Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-Revolutions and Sabotage) established 20 December 1917, headed by Felix Dzerzhinsky, and based upon the Tsarist Okhrana intelligence-security agency; Cheka (Extraordinary Committee) derives from the two initial letters of each word in Chrezvychainaya Komissiya, and its agents are Chekists (Chekisty). [4][5] To protect Soviet national security, the Cheka (1917–22) often changed name and structure — becoming, among others, the State Political Directorate (OGPU) in 1923; the People’s Commissariat for State Security (NKGB) in 1941; and and the Ministry for State Security (MGB) in 1946, yet always remained the Cheka, the Sword and Shield of the USSR.

In 1953, the ambitious Lavrentiy Beria consolidated the MVD (Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs) and the MGB into an enlarged MVD. In 1954, a year after his execution, his MVD monolith became two agencies — the MVD (secret police) and the KGB (espionage), answerable only to the Council of Ministers about intelligence and national security. In 1978, the KGB was re-named KGB of the Soviet Union (USSR KGB), and its Chairman was a council minister. Besides being the Union’s KGB, it was the republican KGB for Russia proper. [6]

Established to protect the Bolshevik Revolution and the Russian Socialist Federal Soviet Republic against imperialism and counter-revolution, the Cheka also pursued revenge against the enemies of the State and of Joseph Stalin — among them, the monarchist White movement, Ukrainian Nationalists, and Leon Trotsky, usually defeated by way of deception. [7] Besides Chekist cunning, early success is partly owed to the lax national security of Western countries, allowing easy NKVD penetration of government and intelligence agencies — thus how Melita Norwood betrayed the British nuclear weapons programme, and the Cambridge Five delivered nuclear weapon and Manhattan Project secrets stolen by the scientist–spies, Klaus Fuchs and Theodore Hall.

During the Cold War (1945–91), the KGB maintained the one-party Soviet State by suppressing “ideological subversion” (political dissent) and anti-Soviet public figures (Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Andrei Sakharov, et al.). It kept Russia technologically-abreast of the West by collecting the British and French industrial intelligence that made feasible the Tupolev Tu-144 SST aeroplane, (the Russian Concorde). It shared the infiltration of Chancellor Willy Brandt’s West German Government (1969–74) with the East German Stasi (MfS). Yet, among its failures are the spy networks compromised in 1945 by defectors Elizabeth Bentley in the US, and the defection of SIS mole Oleg Gordievsky, the London KGB legal resident, in 1985, and the loss of ideological agents because of Soviet suppression of Hungarian and Czechoslovak nationalism. Still, mercenary agents, such as US Navy officer Aldrich Ames and FBI agent Robert Hanssen volunteered to serve the KGB as moles.

The thirty-seven-year history of the USSR KGB ended when its Chairman, Col.-Gen. Vladimir Kryuchkov, led the 19–21 August 1991 Soviet coup d’état attempt to depose Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev. [8] On 23 August, Chairman Kryuchkov was arrested and replaced by Gen. Vadim Bakatin, who, in October 1991, dismantled the USSR KGB into three discrete agencies: (i) the Interrepublican Security Service (national security), (ii) the Central Intelligence Service (espionage), and (iii) the Committee for Protection of the State Border (border patrol).

In the event, the Supreme Soviet formally disestablished the USSR KGB on 3 December 1991. Moreover, on 25 December 1991, the USSR metamorphosed into the Russian Federation, that, by January 1992, had five agencies doing KGB’s work: (i) the MB (Ministerstvo Bezopasnosti – Ministry of Security), (ii) the FAPSI (Federal’noe agentsvo pravitel’-stvennoi sviazi i informatsii – Federal Agency for Government Communications and Information), (iii) GUO (Glavnoe upravlenie okhrany – Main Guards Directorate), (iv) the Border Guard Service, and (v) the FIS (Foreign Intelligence Service). [9]

On 21 December 1995, Russian Federation President Boris Yeltsin replaced the KGB with two agencies the national security FSB (Federalnaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti – Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation) and the espionage SVR (Sluzhba Vneshney Razvedki – Foreign Intelligence Service).[citation needed]

[edit] Modus operandi

In its time, the KGB was the world’s most effective intelligence agency.[10] It operated legal and illegal espionage residencies in target countries where the legal resident spied from the Soviet embassy, and, if caught, was protected with diplomatic immunity from prosecution; at best, the compromised spy either returned to Russia or was expelled by the target country government. The illegal resident spied unprotected by diplomatic immunity and worked independently of the Soviet diplomatic and trade missions, (cf. the non-official cover CIA agent). In its early history, the KGB valued illegal spies more than legal spies, because illegals penetrated their targets more easily. The KGB residency executed four types of espionage: (i) political, (ii) economic, (iii) military-strategic, and (iv) disinformation, effected with “active measures” (PR Line), counter-intelligence and security (KR Line), and scientific–technologic intelligence (X Line); quotidian duties included SIGINT (RP Line) and illegal support (N Line).[11]

At first, using the romantic and intellectual allure of “The First Worker–Peasant State” (1917), “The Fight Against Fascism” (1936–39), and the “Anti-Nazi Great Patriotic War” (1941–45) the Soviets recruited many idealistic, high-level Westerners as ideological agents . . . but the Russo–German Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact (1939) and the suppressed Hungarian Uprising (1956) and Prague Spring (1968) mostly ended ideological recruitment. By the 1960s and 1970s, the Red Army’s invasions and the infirm Brezhnev’s corrupt, poor leadership repelled young, left-wing radicals from the Soviet Socialist cause — so, the KGB blackmailed and bribed Westerners into spying for the Soviet Union.

The KGB classed its spies as agents (intelligence providers) and controllers (intelligence relayers). The false-identity legend assumed by a Russian-born illegal spy was elaborate, the life of either a “live double” (participant to the fabrication) or a “dead double” (whose identity is tailored to the spy). The agent then substantiated his or her legend by living it in a foreign country, before emigrating to the target country; thus the sending of US-bound illegal residents via the Soviet residency in Ottawa, Canada. Tradecraft included stealing and photographing documents, code-names, contacts, targets, and dead letter boxes, and working as “friend of the cause” agents provocateur who infiltrate the target’s group to sow dissension, influence policy, and arrange kidnaps and assassinations.

[edit] History

The Cheka was established to defend the October Revolution and the nascent Bolshevik state from its enemies — principally the monarchist White Army. To ensure the Bolshevik régime’s survival, it suppressed counter-revolution with domestic terror and international deception. The scope of foreign intelligence operations prompted Lenin to authorise the Cheka’s creation of the INO (Innostranyi Otdel – Foreign-intelligence Department) — the precursor to the First Chief Directorate (FCD) of the KGB. In 1922, Stalin’s régime re-named the Cheka as the State Political Directorate (OGPU). [12]

The OGPU expanded Soviet espionage nationally and internationally, and provided Stalin’s bodyguard Nikolai Vlasik. The vagaries of Stalin’s paranoia influenced the OGPU’s performance and direction in the 1930s, i.e. fantastic Trotskyist conspiracies, etc. Acting as his own analyst, Stalin unwisely subordinated intelligence analysis to collecting it; eventually, reports pandered to his conspiracy fantasies. The middle history of the KGB culminates in the Great Purge (1936–38) killings of civil, military, and government people deemed politically unreliable — among them, chairmen Genrikh Yagoda (1938) and Nikolai Yezhov (1940); later, Lavrentiy Beria (1953) followed suit. Ironically, Yezhov denounced Yagoda for executing the Great Terror, which from 1937 to 1938 is called Yezhovshchina, the especially cruel “Yezhov era”. [13]

In 1941, under Chairman Lavrentiy Beria, OGPU became NKGB (People’s Commissariat for State Security, integral to the NKVD) and recovered from the Great Purge of the thirties. Yet, the NKGB unwisely continued pandering to Stalin’s conspiracy fantasies — whilst simultaneously achieving its deepest penetrations of the West. Next, Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov centralised the intelligence agencies, re-organising the NKGB as the KI (Komitet Informatsii – Committee of Information), composed (1947–51) of the MGB (Ministry for State Security) and the GRU (Foreign military Intelligence Directorate). In practice making an ambassador head of the MGB and GRU legal residencies in his embassy; intelligence operations are under political control; the KI ended when Molotov incurred Stalin’s disfavour. Despite its political end, the KI’s contribution to Soviet Intelligence was reliance upon illegal residents, spies able to establish a more secure base of operations in the target country.[14]

Moreover, expecting to succeed Stalin as leader of the USSR, the ambitious MVD (Ministry of Internal Affairs) head, Lavrentiy Beria merged the MGB and the MVD on Stalin’s death in 1953. Anticipating a coup d’état, the Presidium swiftly eliminated Beria with treasonous charges of “criminal anti-Party and anti-state activities” and executed him. In the event, the MGB was renamed KGB and detached from the MVD.

Mindful of ambitious spy chiefs — and after deposing Premier Nikita Krushchev — Secretary Leonid Brezhnev and the CPSU knew to manage the next over-ambitious KGB Chairman, Aleksandr Shelepin (1958–61), who facilitated Brezhnev’s Stalinist palace coup d’état against Khrushchev in 1964 — despite Shelepin not then being in KGB. With political reassignments, Shelepin protégé Vladimir Semichastny (1961–67) was sacked as KGB Chairman, and Shelepin, himself, was demoted from chairman of the Committee of Party and State Control to Trade Union Council chairman.

Yuri Andropov (1967–82) proved the most-influential and long-tenured Chairman, his inquisitorial KGB relentlessly combated all ideological subversion. He manœuvered the infirm Brezhnev to name him his political heir and successor-leader of the USSR, in 1982.

In the 1980s, the glasnost liberalisation of Soviet society provoked KGB Chairman Vladimir Kryuchkov (1988–91) to lead the August 1991 Soviet coup d’état attempt to depose President Mikhail Gorbachev. By then, however, Soviet society’s disrespect for the KGB had (among other reasons) exhausted popular support for the régime of the CPSU. The thwarted coup d’état ended the KGB on 6 November 1991. The KGB’s successors are the secret police agency FSB (Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation) and the espionage agency SVR (Foreign Intelligence Service).

[edit] International activity during the Cold War
Heydar Aliyev, ex-Azerbaijani President, was an Azeri KGB member who led Azerbaijan to independence.

The aftermath of the Second Red Scare (1947–57), McCarthyism, and the destruction of the CPUSA hampered recruitment. The last, major illegal resident, Rudolf Abel (“Willie” Vilyam Fisher) was betrayed by his assistant, Reino Häyhänen, in 1957.

Recruitment then emphasised mercenary agents, an approach especially successful in scientific and technical espionage — because private industry practiced lax internal security, unlike the US Government. In late 1967, the notable KGB success was the walk-in recruitment of US Navy Chief Warrant Officer John Anthony Walker who individually and via the Walker Spy Ring for eighteen years enabled Soviet Intelligence to decipher some one million US Navy messages, and track the US Navy.[15]

In the late Cold War, the KGB was lucky with intelligence coups with the cases of the mercenary walk-in recruits, FBI man Robert Hanssen (1979–2001) and CIA Soviet Division officer Aldrich Ames (1985). [16]

[edit] KGB in the Soviet Bloc
KGB prison doors displayed in the Museum of Occupations, Tallinn, Estonia.

It was Cold War policy for the KGB of the Soviet Union and the satellite-state KGBs to extensively monitor public and private opinion, internal subversion, and possible revolutionary plots in the Soviet Bloc. In supporting those Communist governments, the KGB was instrumental in crushing the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, and the Prague Spring of “Socialism with a Human Face”, in 1968 Czechoslovakia.

During the Hungarian revolt, KGB chairman Ivan Serov, personally supervised the post-invasion “normalization” of the country. In consequence, KGB monitored the satellite-state populations for occurrences of “harmful attitudes” and “hostile acts”; yet, stopping the Prague Spring, deposing a nationalist Communist government, was its greatest achievement.

The KGB prepared the Red Army’s route by infiltrating to Czechoslovakia many illegal residents disguised as Western tourists. They were to gain the trust of and spy upon the most outspoken proponents of Alexander Dubček’s new government. They were to plant subversive evidence, justifying the USSR’s invasion, that right-wing groups — aided by Western intelligence agencies — were going to depose the Communist government of Czechoslovakia. Finally, the KGB prepared hardline, pro-USSR members of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (CPC), such as Alois Indra and Vasil Biľak, to assume power after the Red Army’s invasion. The courage of the betrayed Prague Spring leaders did not escape KGB notice; the defector Oleg Gordievsky later remarked, “It was that dreadful event, that awful day, which determined the course of my own life” (The Sword and the Shield, p.261).

The KGB’s Czech success in the 1960s was matched with the failed suppression of the Solidarity labour movement in 1980s Poland. The KGB had forecast political instability consequent to the election of the priest Karol Wojtyla, as the first Polish Pope, John Paul II, whom they had categorised as “subversive”, because of his anti-Communist sermons against the one-party PUWP régime. Despite its accurate forecast of crisis, the Polish United Workers’ Party (PUWP) hindered the KGB’s destroying the nascent Solidarity-backed political movement, fearing explosive civil violence if they imposed the KGB-recommended martial law. Aided by their Polish counterpart, the Służba Bezpieczeństwa (SB), the KGB successfully infiltrated spies to Solidarity and the Catholic Church, and in Operation X co-ordinated the declaration of martial law with Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski and the Polish Communist Party; however, the vacillating, conciliatory Polish approach blunted KGB effectiveness — and Solidarity then fatally weakened the Communist Polish government in 1989.

[edit] Suppressing ideological subversion
Monument to KGB victims, Vilnius, Lithuania.

During the Cold War, the KGB actively suppressed “ideological subversion” — unorthodox political and religious ideas and the espousing dissidents. In 1967, the suppression increased under new KGB Chairman Yuri Andropov, who said all dissent threatened the Soviet state — including anti-Communist religious movements. Most arrested dissidents were sentenced to indefinite terms in Gulag-adminstered forced labour camps — where their dissension lacked the strength it might have had in public. Moreover, Yale University archive documents record that suppressing “ideological subversion” was the principal preoccupation of Yuri Andropov and Vitali Fedorchuk when each was KGB Chairman. [2]

After denouncing Stalinism in his secret speech On the Personality Cult and its Consequences (1956), Nikita Khrushchev lessened suppression of “ideological subversion”. Resultantly, critical literature re-emerged, notably the novel One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962), by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn; however, after Khrushchev’s deposition in 1964, Leonid Brezhnev reverted the State and KGB to actively harsh suppression — routine house searches to seize documents and the continual monitoring of dissidents. To wit, in 1965, such a search-and-seizure operation yielded Solzhenitsyn (code-name PAUK, “spider”) manuscripts of “slanderous fabrications”, and the subversion trial of the novelists Andrei Sinyavsky and Yuli Daniel; Sinyavsky (alias “Abram Tertz”), and Daniel (alias “Nikolai Arzhak”), were captured after a Moscow literary-world informant told KGB when to find them at home.

After suppressing the Prague Spring, KGB Chairman Andropov established the Fifth Directorate to monitor dissension and eliminate dissenters. He was especially concerned with the Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and Andrei Sakharov, “Public Enemy Number One”. [17] Andropov failed to expel Solzhenitsyn before 1974; but did internally-exile Sakharov to Gorky city [Nizhny Novgorod] in 1980. KGB failed to prevent Sakharov’s collecting his Nobel Peace Prize in 1975, but did prevent Yuri Orlov collecting his Nobel Prize in 1978; Chairman Andropov supervised both operations.

KGB dissident-group infiltration featured agents provocateur pretending “sympathy to the cause”, smear campaigns against prominent dissidents, and show trials; once imprisoned, the dissident endured KGB interrogators and sympathetic informant-cell mates. In the event, Mikhail Gorbachev’s glasnost policies lessened persecution of dissidents; he was effecting some of the policy changes they had been demanding since the 1970s. [18]

[edit] Notable operations
KGB Headquarters on Lubyanka Square, designed by Aleksey Schusev.

* With the Trust Operation, the OGPU successfully deceived some leaders of the right-wing, counter-revolutionary White Guards back to the USSR for execution.
* NKVD infiltrated and destroyed Trotskyist groups; in 1940, the Mexican agent Ramón Mercader assassinated Trotsky in Mexico City.
* KGB favoured active measures (e.g. disinformation), in discrediting the USSR’s enemies.
* For war-time, KGB had ready sabotage operations arms caches in target countries.

In the 1960s, acting upon the information of KGB defector Anatoliy Golitsyn, the the CIA counter-intelligence chief, James Jesus Angleton, believed KGB had moles in two key places — the counter-intelligence section of CIA and the FBI’s counter-intelligence department — through whom they would know of, and control, US counter-espionage to protect the moles and hamper the detection and capture of other Communist spies. Moreover, KGB counter-intelligence vetted foreign intelligence sources, so that the moles might “officially” approve an anti-CIA double agent as trustworthy. In retrospect, the captures of the moles Aldrich Ames and Robert Hanssen, proved Angleton — ignored as over-cautious — was correct, despite costing him his job at CIA, which he left in 1975.

Occasionally, the KGB assassinated the enemies of the USSR — principally Soviet Bloc defectors, either directly or by aiding Communist country secret services — the (alleged) air-crash assassination of Dag Hammarskjöld in 1961; the surreptitious ricin poisoning of the Bulgarian émigré Georgi Markov, shot with an umbrella-gun of KGB design, in 1978; and the (alleged) attempted assassination of Pope John Paul II in 1981. [19]

The highest-ranking Communist intelligence officer to defect, Lt. Gen. Ion Mihai Pacepa, said the Romanian Communist party leader Nicolae Ceauşescu told him about the “ten international leaders the Kremlin killed, or tried to kill”: Laszlo Rajk and Imre Nagy of Hungary; Lucretiu Patrascanu and Gheorghiu-Dej of Romania; Rudolf Slansky, the head of Czechoslovakia, and chief diplomat Jan Masaryk; Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran; Palmiro Togliatti of Italy; US President John F. Kennedy; and Mao Zedong of China via Lin Biao; and noted that “among the leaders of Moscow’s satellite intelligence services, there was unanimous agreement that the KGB had been involved in the assassination of President Kennedy.” [20]

[edit] Organisation of the KGB

[edit] Senior staff

The Chairman of the KGB, First Deputy Chairmen (1–2), Deputy Chairmen (4–6). Its policy Collegium comprised a chairman, deputy chairmen, directorate chiefs, and republican KGB chairmen.

[edit] The Directorates

* First Chief Directorate (Foreign Operations) — foreign espionage.

* Second Chief Directorate — counter-intelligence, internal political control.

* Third Chief Directorate (Armed Forces) — military counter-intelligence and armed forces political surveillance.

* Fourth Directorate (Transportation security)

* Fifth Chief Directorate — censorship and internal security against artistic, political, and religious dissension; renamed “Directorate Z”, protecting the Constitutional order, in 1989.

* Sixth Directorate (Economic Counter-intelligence, industrial security)

* Seventh Directorate (Surveillance) — of Soviet nationals and foreigners.

* Eighth Chief Directorate — monitored-managed national, foreign, and overseas communications, cryptologic equipment, and research and development.

* Ninth Directorate (Guards and KGB Protection Service) 40,000-man uniformed bodyguard for the CPSU leaders and families, guarded government installations (nuclear weapons, etc.), operated the Moscow VIP subway, and secure Government–Party telephony. Pres. Yeltsin transformed it to the Federal Protective Service (FPS).

* Fifteenth Directorate (Security of Government Installations)

* Sixteenth Directorate (SIGINT and communications interception) operated the national and government telephone and telegraph systems.

* Border Guards Directorate 245,000-man border patrol.

* Operations and Technology Directorate — research laboratories for recording devices and Laboratory 12 for poisons and drugs.

[edit] Other units

* KGB Personnel Department

* Secretariat of the KGB

* KGB Technical Support Staff

* KGB Finance Department

* KGB Archives

* KGB Irregulars

* Administration Department of the KGB, and

* The CPSU Committee.

* KGB OSNAZ, (Spetsnaz special operations) units such as:

* The Alpha Group

* The Vympel, etc.

* Kremlin Guard Force for the Presidium, et al., then became the FPS.

[edit] The KGB’s evolution
Dates Organisation
December 1917 Cheka
February 1922 Incorporated to NKVD (as GPU)
July 1923 OGPU
July 1934 Re-incorporated to NKVD (as GUGB)
February 1941 NKGB
July 1941 Re-incorporated to NKVD (as GUGB)
April 1943 NKGB
March 1946 MGB
October 1947–November 1951 Foreign Intelligence to the KI
March 1953 Merged to and enlarged MVD
March 1954 KGB
November 1991 FSK

Organization Chairman Dates
Cheka–GPU–OGPU Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky 1917–26
OGPU Vyacheslav Rudolfovich Menzhinsky 1926–34
NKVD Genrikh Grigoryevich Yagoda 1934–36
Nikolai Ivanovich Yezhov 1936–38
Lavrenti Pavlovich Beria 1938–41
NKGB Vsevolod Nikolayevich Merkulov 1941 (Feb–Jul)
NKVD Lavrenti Pavlovich Beria 1941–43
NKGB–MGB Vsevolod Nikolayevich Merkulov 1943–46
MGB Viktor Semyonovich Abakumov 1946–51
Semyon Denisovich Ignatyev 1951–53
Lavrenti Pavlovich Beria 1953 (Mar–Jun)
Sergei Nikiforovich Kruglov 1953–54
KGB Ivan Aleksandrovich Serov 1954–58
Aleksandr Nikolayevich Shelepin 1958–61
Vladimir Yefimovich Semichastny 1961–67
Yuri Vladimirovich Andropov 1967–82
Vitali Vasilyevich Fedorchuk 1982 (May–Dec)
Viktor Mikhailovich Chebrikov 1982–88
Vladimir Aleksandrovich Kryuchkov 1988–91
Vadim Viktorovich Bakatin 1991 (Aug–Nov)

[edit] See also

* Active measures
* Chronology of Soviet secret police agencies
* History of Soviet espionage
* Federal Security Service
* Foreign Intelligence Service
* Federal Agency of Government Communications and Information
* Federal Protective Service
* Mitrokhin Archive
* Numbers station
* Presidential Security Service
* World Peace Council
* Ministry of Internal Affairs
* KGB victim memorials
* Eastern Bloc politics

[edit] References

1. ^ Safe as houses: the KGB-proof mansion – Times Online
2. ^ a b, The KGB File of Andrei Sakharov, Joshua Rubenstein and Alexander Gribanov eds., in Russian and English.
3. ^ archive of documents about KPSS and KGB, collected by Vladimir Bukovsky.
4. ^ Richard Deacon A History of the Russian Secret Service (1972) Frederick Muller Ltd:London, p.207
5. ^ Mark Lloyd The Guiness Book of Espionage (1994) Guinness Publishing Ltd:London pp.91–2
6. ^ Amy Knight Spies Without Cloaks: The KGB’s Successors (1996) pp.30–7
7. ^ Christopher Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin, The Sword and the Shield (1999) p.31
8. ^ The Sword and the Shield (1999) p.550
9. ^ Spies Without Cloaks: The KGB’s Successors (1996) pp.30–7
10. ^ Eyes of the Kremlin
11. ^ The Sword and the Shield (1999) p.38
12. ^ The Sword and the Shield (1999) p.28
13. ^ The Sword and the Shield (1999) p.23
14. ^ The Sword and the Shield (1999) p.146
15. ^ The Sword and the Shield (1999) p.205
16. ^ The Sword and the Shield (1999) p.435
17. ^ The Sword and the Shield (1999) p.325
18. ^ The Sword and the Shield (1999) p.561
19. ^ Italian Panel: Soviets Behind Pope Attack
20. ^ The Kremlin’s Killing Ways, by Ion Mihai Pacepa, National Review Online, 28 November 2006

[edit] Sources

* Christopher Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin, The Mitrokhin Archive: The KGB in Europe and the West, Gardners Books (2000) ISBN 0-14-028487-7; Basic Books (1999) ISBN 0-465-00310-9; trade (2000) ISBN 0-465-00312-5

* John Barron, KGB: The Secret Work of Soviet Secret Agents, Reader’s Digest Press (1974) ISBN 0-88349-009-9

* Christopher Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin, The World Was Going Our Way: The KGB and the Battle for the Third World, Basic Books (2005) ISBN 0465003117

[edit] Additional readings

* Yevgenia Albats and Catherine A. Fitzpatrick, The State Within a State: The KGB and Its Hold on Russia — Past, Present, and Future Farrar Straus Giroux (1994) ISBN 0-374-52738-5.

* John Barron, KGB: The Secret Works of Soviet Secret Agents Bantam Books (1981) ISBN 0-553-23275-4

* Vadim J. Birstein. The Perversion Of Knowledge: The True Story of Soviet Science. Westview Press (2004) ISBN 0-8133-4280-5

* John Dziak Chekisty: A History of the KGB, Lexington Books (1988) ISBN 978-0669102581

* Sheymov, Victor (1993). Tower of Secrets. Naval Institute Press. pp. 420. ISBN 1-55750-764-3.

* Бережков, Василий Иванович (2004). Руководители Ленинградского управления КГБ : 1954-1991. Санкт-Петербург: Выбор, 2004. ISBN 5-93518-035-9 (in Russian)

* Кротков, Юрий (1973). «КГБ в действии». Published in «Новый журнал» №111, 1973 (in Russian)

[edit] External links

  • Viktor M. Chebrikov et al., eds. Istoriya sovetskikh organov gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti (“History of the Soviet Organs of State Security”). (1977) [1]

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    • b l w

      let it snow let it snow . dont let her know its easter. oh yeah. break out the 44’s. IT’S EASTER EGG TIKME! stay off the vodka TEHY MIGHT C AT CH YEA… mOron

    • b l w

      h igAh whhafts up moeron. not bad. ihxvce not szeen easte-er bunny. i wass in germaney. sorry rest of jokes are DdiirT Y. *……………….ADJ’
      those arnt stars thats the sealing. WAKE UP. dont let the bu nnay ge t ya.

    • b l w

      Emagine the world as you know it. You shot at navel ship. MISS. The ship floats off in to space damn,missed. BUT HawwiiA approaching fast from the grounD.what…/???. .DMAN moron,.!?/what.
      doo do oo DO.

    • b l w

      NOW THAT моряков выглядит я ужасаюсь по сей день меня приследуют ненормальные люди они при помоши какогото оборудования скорее всего психологического оружия спетсназа или военых республики молдова эти люди сводят меня с умма и доводят до самоубийства и это RTHE WORLDS BLOUEWID UP .! GUESS IT DONST’ MATTER THAT THE METOR WONT hit./going to h?awwaie>eropxfoj BOIRIS MAK 3GLX

    • b l w

      wha t yaowhen. went out an got crabs last night. you got skills other than. 3+ usis. like widowgame mor on. . . . . . . crusaders.?? no .. heil hitler. no. roudolph the red nose rainder huffing paint…. ya. ddf

    • b l w

      they say killerof serial like torching animals. icut mines head off an THEN torch her. she was posseseted evil anD had horn. moron maybe. BUT ATLEAST SHE WAS DEAD. an unnutered.yep thats 1 the apsca wont get. just so you knoW. IT WASNT HOOF !! MOUTH DEZZZZES> DA. ddf

    • b l w


    • b l w

      yep watch ut for thouses goayts ,? ZoMbIe’S’`”`’`’`’`’`..,,,~>.. ….d wsai8hovbisbwnyT mor::on EZLZTIRZITYZSTATUS><@M#

    • b l w

      ,moron noa':youh more on..

    • b l w

      an did you know that nepals spllsplanes:.;. if you remixThem. looks good from down HERE.DDF

    • b l w

      I CELB 4 tweeter.

    • b l w

      wel not much an tyour uisbdk o hnsffe,mdnn e :: GT >T>TW> >T >T T>RET> >kjbsvdse /N .45 sec an moving. fkfvnnnefinknkfnknlmlf———0\d,b,nglm Q?FEQVNHHJFROJH”FJSPFK”fs/jm/gMJGJFKDPM’.mmcklwlnhfrfekibfslekj[][][][][][][[]p]vskdfb]d]s[edfjb::][{‘}|\+$_T))()!*22., ddf

    • b l w

      Lavrentiy BERia, .merged with tndious name attachments. mindful o f a m bITH o us. spy chefs.1043. crasy man floating by in space east- hum. anyway back to discussin…. ahum those little lites in sky flicker for a reason pssible other than man… imean objects. and as to pluto showing its afts. i seen dinasour eggs IN MY IMAGINATION. howerverr if you use ai mail to make $$$ use cash not check. oh we accept money. but be advised if aq big chk bounses duck.IRT MIGHT BOUNCE awhile. as grandma said you wont belive the sh-t you see in the jungla.ddf
      .. hay morn you got cmpotitithand,,,. ddf

    • b l w

      its not that life does not exist in altered space (blk hole theory).differnt acids/istopes & liquids will grow diffrentbacterria(alchols),arsenics(chl),radiation(patiaelcs).mass exceliration compression heat&decay. only problem sems to be toping. time takes on a new meaning.the back door to the universe opens up. simalerly if your a brick wall youll leave an impression. howeverr enter/leave atg YOU OWN RISK / not uris own risk HAHAHA . blk shtiogvaejieg skrghg //t /. aief_pdnkshgoijgiaejjiajjejfjiojjeiojgjjgie\’1?

    • b l w

      its not that life does not exist in altered space (blk hole theory).differnt acids/istopes & liquids will grow diffrentbacterria(alchols),arsenics(chl),radiation(patiaelcs).mass exceliration compression heat&decay. only problem sems to be toping. time takes on a new meaning.the back door to the universe opens up. simalerly if your a brick wall youll leave an impression. howeverr enter/leave atg YOU OWN RISK / not uris own risk HAHAHA . blk shtiogvaejieg =skrghg //t /. aief_pdnkshgoijgiaejjiajjejfjiojjeiojgjjgie\’1?

    • b l w

      T AT R 4 of y:
      1 turn (t to freeze to death;/ ) the ac own an try no[()] ~_.*(+/-)!#%,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ][{=\_+`}” ]”~ *..;VSBDOIERIPFSHHUEJKKRAIN_> >_ET+_JQBN_MCSAKQWO etwst. cylone ] ships 2208-2010 \.]VER \\-*+–.,`,`,`,`,`,`,`,`,“,`,`,`,`,`,`, ]
      ‘ ‘;;”l=5uok/rzkp,.,pa3r ]
      jly[l[,'[”]]tjLFl ]

      1 turn (t to freeze to death;/ ) the ac own an try no[()] ~_.*(+/-)!#%,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ][{=\_+`}” ]”~ *..;VSBDOIERIPFSHHUEJKKRAIN_> >_ET+_JQBN_MCSAKQWO etwst. cylone ] ships 2208-2010 \.]VER \\-*+–.,`,`,`,`,`,`,`,`,“,`,`,`,`,`,`, ]
      ‘ ‘;;”l=5uok/rzkp,.,pa3r ]
      jly[l[,'[”]]tjLFl ]

    • b l w

      T AT R 4 of y:
      1 turn (t to freeze to death;/ ) the ac own an try no[()] ~_.*(+/-)!#%,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ][{=\_+`}” ]”~ *..;VSBDOIERIPFSHHUEJKKRAIN_> >_ET+_JQBN_MCSAKQWO etwst. cylone ] ships 2208-2010 \.]VER \\-*+–.,`,`,`,`,`,`,`,`,“,`,`,`,`,`,`, ]
      ‘ ‘;;”l=5uok/rzkp,.,pa3r ]
      jly[l[,'[”]]tjLFl ]
      .~(*=*^_%_)*_&)*&+#)+B)*^)VLAST>)[la)xl >_ET+_JQBN_MCSAKQWO etwst. cylone ] ships 2208-2010 \.]VER \\-*+–.,`,`,`,`,`,`,`,`,“,`,`,`,`,`,`, ]
      ‘ ‘;;”l=5uok/rzkp,.,pa3r ]
      jly[l[,'[”]]tjLFl ]

      1 turn (t to freeze to death;/ ) the ac own an try no[()] ~_.*(+/-)!#%,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ][{=\_+`}” ]”~ *..;VSBDOIERIPFSHHUEJKKRAIN_> >_ET+_JQBN_MCSAKQWO etwst. cylone ] ships 2208-2010 \.]VER \\-*+–.,`,`,`,`,`,`,`,`,“,`,`,`,`,`,`, ]
      ‘ ‘;;”l=5uok/rzkp,.,pa3r ]
      jly[l[,'[”]]tjLFl ]

      think iut thrrew///DDF
      just so you know youre sharing notes
      whole world @ @rnd

    • b l w

      oua loco habs emitre hew im tierd. ola 1259 . SECONDS party. dos vomenos the man. cha cha cha. sweet imean twt . oka gentelmen youve got 1 second to party see you tommrow. TOMARROW TOMAROW TYERRE ALLWAYS TOOMARROW

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  • Well I really liked reading it. This post procured by you is very practical for proper planning.

  • b l w

    a pr ref pgiv ill perverse colabe../ involment murder..!!

  • b l w

    anattackthquine three asprin cover with vinegar,2 drops sargmn oil,((3..1 opium 402 drops ,1 drop rose oil,1droplemon) stc[‘sodium,clohrl arsnix/subvert to green poderw w..1]) 1inch1/4 hydro cortizon&=lardsf heat&pain cream. very good dont abuse..looking for refrence: lemon slice scales maybe host syphyli/scabies adaptive life form.diagnose kill it,not the host/cancer posible rider or other the same/morphabel plause cause spread.. 2 conical horned tandlid 4,5 tenticals when theyAtac one another brown dot forms possible cancerouis.. simeralence organisms might share similar genatic clones of a small liFEFORM.

  • b l w

    america has a bomb of mass destruction from mumar kadafee.. she has’nt paid. sincerly the patriot missle man…. what sandra boonieris/bouckoharum slave looks like american civil serevent vtheiving rela~tive au d ico von ksje rutn SS,./|

  • b l w

    where is hoffa. twewett kgb e800 s from s jonesville . say my . kiss you *. well huh ,what do you think. not hing ventured niting GAinED>>>ddf

  • пять лет назад я винятнский борис валерьич проживающий в молдове кишинев дачия 60\5 кв 1 прочитал в кишиневской газете обьявение некая коло колодьевич или колодеевнаоставляла в наследие 800000долоров в письме я раскрыля человеку о своих проблемах и даже о том что при трагической смерте нарабочем месте в аэропорту бывший летчик второй пилот с 35етним стажем ту134 на пенсии в должнасти слесаря канчался и нашей семье выделили малую сумму денег около400долоров
    также могу пояснитьчто в письме ознакомлен и с интересом бы обучился тритару спетсназа молдавии министерства юстиции республики молдовы так кой способ общения через стены двух трех этажей припомоши стука три длиных три коротких сос у моряков выглядит я ужасаюсь по сей день меня приследуют ненормальные люди они при помоши какогото оборудования скорее всего психологического оружия спетсназа или военых республики молдова эти люди сводят меня с умма и доводят до самоубийства и это продолжается второй год они подкупают людей в моем доме травят меня я несумшедший иготов пройти следствие на детектаре лжи и с психологами в письмо я также в писал в дольшики призедентав стран
    николоя тимофтия республики молдова
    владимера владимеровича путина президента россии
    полицейских молдовы
    1 волков петр юрьевич
    2 павел войку
    3 ландарев виталий валерьевич
    4 жосан михаил
    5 фрунзе игорь или владимер минестерства юстиции респуплика молдова
    соседей по подезду и знакомых по фамилии
    доценко олег николаевич
    подлесный владимер дмитреевич
    подлесная лариса
    русило сергей иванович
    русило лидия вечеславна
    аборнев александр станиславич
    так же могу что водин из дней поймал соседскую девочку дома60\3 кв39 коволенко настю с о стуками на втором этаже припомоше этого самамого тритара на на заданые ей мню вопросы от куда ты об этом тритаре знаеш и как ты связана с этим письмом связаным с огромным о наследием обьяснить она не хотела также могу пояснить что ео брат родной игорь коволенко говорил такие слова в мойадрес что мол типа я испорчусь с такими деньгами он живет с Анастасией александровной из дачия 60\5подьезд 2 этаж 9 эта девушка имеет отца в армии республика молдова они точно замешаны
    и непрезнаютсвоей вины я обрашался в полицию республики молдова коррупцию республики молдова прокуратуру они все коррупционированы идо сих пор меня приследуют ко мне в квартиру пробрались ктото из этих ненормальных вылили из мусорки целую лужу помоев так же в письме я указал паспартистку республики молдова ирину кожокарь морарь эти изврашенци расписали весь город ирина кожокарь соска и отсылали смс на музыкальный канал ирина кожокарь признайся что ты соска из уродывали суть моего письма и надругались
    над моей знакомой они военые республики молдовы приследуют меня а приследуют меня александр святославич и его жена татьяна замешаны они используют какойто аппарат звуковой видимо военый и через него транслируют насилование насилования именно моей знакомой ирины шендря кожокарь также под фамилией морару они не владах с полицией республики молдова прошу вас помоч наказать корупционированых представителей военной камендатуры или либо вовлеченых корупционированых полицейских я еще раз повтарюсь что готов пройти следствие на детекторе лжи в месте с соседями которых обьвинаю соучастии хешения наследия и которые хотят свести со мной счеты при помоши военной апаратуры сумашедшего александра из армии республика молдовы и его соучастников приследуюших меня по всему миру и даже в турции где я времено нахожусьу родной сестры валентины акес по адресу гебзе fazi ulgo меня домагаются этим тритаром и влючают колонки или при помоши жучков военного происхождения с заплаканым голосом ирина кожокарь шендря морару а также с голосом гражданки россии суслали анна олеговна прошу вас провисти вреспублики молдова реследование о пропаже наследия из истонии от колодеевны коли или толи колодееви я точно не помню прошло 5 лет и второй год меня изживают с этого света эти сумашедшие вовлеките турецкую полицию люди этой страны волечены по выше указаному адресу и подкуплины
    у верено это говорю пото потому что доже среди ночи эти стуки не прекрашаются потой причене что даже взламали двери в квартире и отравили еду проведите раследование и заплаканый голос женшины просто доводит до самоубийства и и недает спать помогите пожалуйста военные вызжать меня хотат изза зависти инациональной розни гражданами молдовы
    ткже могу пояснить что отправил в кгб два дня назад с поясненьями и этой же прозьбой

    • b l w

      E LIUOr VZSi4 weg kosdiard orut nenmple cuesio anrtea kk quires hanv les qoui/QOUI #5.ssc kkPLi reant/vI. dark matter hissatory/history channel. universaila war ships……#.*/@~(::””,) boom/bomb klb. klg1400 Aug 10*. he he he.///DA ddf.(R)

    • you will delete please statement as komentariy

      • b l w

        targets nth pacific ..lasER fires ,,. miss. the world blows all tha seeit.An the malien shit floats away,!.While hawwiia approaches fast from sea bootom.t/f~approach shipisnt fallen. repeat.. 4 mjnjk4 j 4hjx4kills 4zkl4lki4x lkzk4zzkn on4zn4olz4nki.zaks ndnjkx4 x4.

      • b l w


      • b l w

        a pr ref pgiv ill perverse mnsdm,ujcufjdsk52ii colabe../ involment murder. no we ant coming down close hatch .sit backkk a-n- RELAX. e ksnvlin, sdf,nklna dxm kilkusednblb vpiicdsfhnnwdjmmkxzux

    • b l w

      4 ATERNIKRA.* mile/kilo,a,.aronime. mmnbkklkW[.2.].00000008thiwsnisayihteb byte\bite c co o3rjniuhsm,mwjru,vvwii. I curucsurio arisolh uhum kilidra’s hypen’..ddc of monsure.

    • b l w

      DOA * rv K ESRET KNOW MIKE ,.v r(thfivedegrees)rfxCOM RAD.,/ (thi_/-“}): dnankgashane/ ddf.[].?goodteam no caherhsk vivtLALUAYTR HAHAHA.///DA.. MIKE??

    • b l w

      you dont think that was really the worlD NO./ahhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh. nhooAR2 MIKE.KKKG RQOPM UAS SST.DDF

    • b l w

      brillanyte lnsznwmw,imlakmfmmww cnkshreu lsilulairddias выглядит я ужасаюсь по сей день
      …txt me. private li. Yane i like it that WAy

    • b l w

      !.nintendo.? got to go talk about the country not being normal…………ddf

    • b l w

      what do you get iff you cut the hd off a moth.? a caterpilOER./running.!! o.U(ch)!.

    • b l w

      damitcuz/not dam it cus.cuss BE wARe of LITTle ZoMbIe GOAT”SS”SSS”SS”S”‘s ahhh. eleztricosity/OTA ! jkrsuhbalre v trlnhwisajda . /e /t,, 33jklwrikkijwqiuqu3wjmmGHDFHV.DDF

    • b l w

      a * A * shinnig in the night let it bring us , ahahahaaahaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa. its gonna killus. and the crowd goes wild her at the arena. theres no specu la tion .thissssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssss. damn tv went out. note/nope.!? morning moldeva itlaly

    • b l w

      dam it not 50qmc. .b;;dbd los dieorhh DDF./

    • b l w

      Lavrentiy BERia, .merged with tndious name attachments. mindful o f a m bITH o us. spy chefs.1043 pm. crasy man floating by in space east- hum. anyway back to discussin…. ahum those r than man… imean objects. and as to pluto showing its afts. i seen dinasour eggs IN MY IMAGINATION. howerverr if you use ai mail to make $$$ use cash not check. oh we accept money. but be advised if aq big chk bounses duck.IRT MIGHT BOUNCE awhile. as grandma said you wont belive the sh-t you see in the jungla.ddf
      ..o-derfita;; ?valcanos

    • b l w

      3 rd if i wanted to sail to new foundland i guess id use the gold in austrian klake toget therre. DAAHH

    • b l w

      T AT R 4 of y:
      1 turn (t to freeze to death;/ ) the ac own an try no[()] ~_.*(+/-)!#%,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ][{=\_+`}” ]”~ *..;VSBDOIERIPFSHHUEJKKRAIN_> >_ET+_JQBN_MCSAKQWO etwst. cylone ] ships 2208-2010 \.]VER \\-*+–.,`,`,`,`,`,`,`,`,“,`,`,`,`,`,`, ]
      ‘ ‘;;”l=5uok/rzkp,.,pa3r ]
      jly[l[,'[”]]tjLFl ]
      .~(*=*^_%_)*_&)*&+#)+B)*^)VLAST>)[la)xl >_ET+_JQBN_MCSAKQWO etwst. cylone ] ships 2208-2010 \.]VER \\-*+–.,`,`,`,`,`,`,`,`,“,`,`,`,`,`,`, ]
      ‘ ‘;;”l=5uok/rzkp,.,pa3r ]
      jly[l[,'[”]]tjLFl ]

      1 turn (t to freeze to death;/ ) the ac own an try no[()] ~_.*(+/-)!#%,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ][{=\_+`}” ]”~ *..;VSBDOIERIPFSHHUEJKKRAIN_> >_ET+_JQBN_MCSAKQWO etwst. cylone ] ships 2208-2010 \.]VER \\-*+–.,`,`,`,`,`,`,`,`,“,`,`,`,`,`,`, ]
      ‘ ‘;;”l=5uok/rzkp,.,pa3r ]
      jly[l[,'[”]]tjLFl ]

      think iut thrrew///DDF

    • b l w



    • b l w

      T AT R 4 of y:
      1 turn (t to freeze to death;/ ) the ac own an try no[()] ~_.*(+/-)!#%,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ][{=\_+`}” ]”~ *..;VSBDOIERIPFSHHUEJKKRAIN_> >_ET+_JQBN_MCSAKQWO etwst. cylone ] ships 2208-2010 \.]VER \\-*+–.,`,`,`,`,`,`,`,`,“,`,`,`,`,`,`, ]
      ‘ ‘;;”l=5uok/rzkp,.,pa3r ]
      jly[l[,'[”]]tjLFl ]

      1 turn (t to freeze to death;/ ) the ac own an try no[()] ~_.*(+/-)!#%,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ][{=\_+`}” ]”~ *..;VSBDOIERIPFSHHUEJKKRAIN_> >_ET+_JQBN_MCSAKQWO etwst. cylone ] ships 2208-2010 \.]VER \\-*+–.,`,`,`,`,`,`,`,`,“,`,`,`,`,`,`, ]
      ‘ ‘;;”l=5uok/rzkp,.,pa3r ]
      jly[l[,'[”]]tjLFl ]

      whole world @ @rnd

    • b l w

      oua loco habs emitre hew im tierd. ola 1259pm . SECONDS party. dos vomenos the man. cha cha cha. sweet imean tweet. you speek russian. soy da zuds… DDF 1SEConDS

  • b l w

    DID THESE sobs hack my newsletter simth coggins attorney spartanburg sc. dont use there email response they could b e AMARIcaN.cjlntaR Oa3a . bl ddf. kgb eyEs!onlY

  • b l w

    people worried about the bomb. it seems the us may have a way of getting rid of eveybody. take ussr for example. i didnt hear them say we’ll sell you one for less.!! get IT!!. to be more prcise just give evebogy one….!? OKA ON THE COUNT MOf #3.. no i want even sat by to that one.

  • b l w

    think us may have found a way to get rid of everybody. i have heard ussr saying well sell you one for less. just give everyone a nuke an say. OKA ON THE COUNT OF#3…. i not even gonna say goodbye to this comment…..

  • b l w

    as twoo the cow rapist. ID LIKE TWO knoW if he injured it. atleast he used coconut oil an didnt try to keep her from havin KIDS.. ilike mine on hamburger buNS. was the cow so tramutized it forgot there names. hum hum idian givers hah. caller three says . whats it worth to you /red Baron pizza. back to you

  • b l w

    OK bOys break out the 44’s . ITS EASTER eGG huntin time.. lay off that vodka .. . theuy might catch yA AAHA. aw ddf

  • b l w

    ICE OWN GANieMEDE but hell who let the dogs in. an why the hell ist my goat scraeming. back mto you bob. An in later news heres them DAMN SPACEALIENS AGAIN.

  • b l w

    DAM NGOAT HIT TWO 222222@GATE OF N- S A. ,ddf

  • b l w


  • b l w

    5Qc indibdoctio.natural elistalon. between dam berds [(((a))](one i outto quit)((n)] (every)). pistt… GOT A MATCH. WHAT CANDLE BOMB>>? HAHA>.da ov

  • b l w

    resistence from the /west on the amidding SS . f35 surface still onA/out2n state saffiRmedfirswt craft.8 years thats lkike? Just testing the Air bag.hahaha.gats dead!.,
    AND I N fur there mov\news. ha

  • b l w

    i tell you limiting gov agent from guns isnt as bad as wanting them out of your life. like the bikers in waco texas. you see no individuals were hurt. but the popo/cops didnt kill any body either. in a liter sense. if you cant trust the state the state cant trust the feds. YOUR PROBLY NOT A BIKER, or religious ledder. WHO said it.REA an power. regretfully mumar didnt make it. oops. back to u RUSSIA . . . . –

  • b l w

    ah not her 1*;:@ .#’%~\[] Jan 14 115 pm ,? HA HA HA HA >DDF

  • b l w

    with all the outrage of global warming. i thought ide bring up a few factors. with the eruption of galopolose island valcano, since a thirty year break. the first real sign I SEEn,was the kilowayha valcano in hawwaii in 82.since then it nor the ice shelf has expanded hahah. while you cant bake a egg in your hand . if you try really reallY HARD. you can cook it on you new black car, you drive way, your soloar oven. an yes even your stove,but not your neighbors head.[less you siCk] but if you take into consideration all the magma floowing from the valcanos. we should be alright untill the dead one wake up an possible desintgrate every thing around[BLAS > > T]it……. An eventualy in the end if the surface temp reaches 130 and we all sizzle away. the continents should just float around until the next ice age until the next breakdown. THAT IS OF CORSE , some giant planet asteroid killer kills us all. Global qwarming i tell you it makes me hot. india wheres that.. ddooh

  • b l w

    anti semetic where in the world have you everr seen anyone who wasnt anti S e m etic to other cultues. take the indians for example. why do you think they would worship budda. they aint hinndu. why would jews worship islam. whhwat what makes you think french would worship funsuie(chinese). well maybe the point your all missing is. you pay taxwes wheterr or not you control the money market. an even if your not german you can kep your hands to your selves…..BUT YOU REFUSe.. you know how/who you are. mjust research tibal diffranchies. or difrinchisment. in africa if you want disfranchise.whhhhehww your out of the tribe. less there canibals.check your fifa/fica scorre. YOU FIGURE. DDF/

  • b l w

    AGR IB Jan shisk possible millitary/ agr x c ide 585 29 73. be advised could be drug syndicate. reliance ,confiders an mafia. 225 06 58. by ttdy bank oltser cant pay. China bring forth th guarter horses. let round em up. an keep barack in 3 more years . ITS A WAR GENTELMEN LETS RIDE .Finance deswrters an declared enimies.SsSs.cuffem boys. dont leave a conTRACT illigetamete extorter alive… muslim two you . be glad youre not mohamad. you would look fun in the paper. dont belive_________-.
    clemson s.c . sad they wont out of OUR/you/&me meteor logical reasearch. spit muslium. aLI member look to ussr. see that explosive meteoIGHT. YOU AINT MOHAMAD >VBDKJ
    KI Salum… . .GGRETUSIO china…. DDF russia. americans/biocondiaes

  • b l w

    Lavrentiy BERia, .merged with tndious name attachments. mindful o f a m bITH o us. spy chefs.1043. crasy man floating by in space east- hum. anyway back to discussin…. ahum those little lites in sky flicker for a reason pssible other than man… imean objects. and as to pluto showing its afts. i seen dinasour eggs IN MY IMAGINATION. howerverr if you use ai mail to make $$$ use cash not check. oh we accept money. but be advised if aq big chk bounses duck.IRT MIGHT BOUNCE awhile. as grandma said you wont belive the sh-t you see in the jungla.ddf

  • b l w

    as zk crewan amkke oaifnnaell afjsucuan3 fklwidnw vkxvas ,v,wsma jncjjsf bb jdjjd kaswkwaa,snj jsfabjkjjkbkzxaooeubnab:DDF…. might just shoot MYSELF im bored…. thinbk it hurts. NAAA

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